WTO: Governance, Dispute Settlement & Developing Countries
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This volume brings together essays by world-renowned leaders in the field of international trade examining the operation of the WTO and its dispute settlement system. The experts who have contributed to this book include policymakers, scholars, lawyers and diplomats. Two major areas of inquiry are undertaken. The first half of this volume examines the governance and operation of the WTO and the international trading system. It pays particular attention to issues that affect developing country members of the WTO. The second half of this volume contains a detailed examination of the performance, operation, and challenges of the WTO's dispute settlement system.
This book is an outgrowth of a conference held at Columbia University in New York in the spring of 2006. The conference was the last of a series of five regional gatherings held around the world to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the WTO and its dispute settlement system. This volume includes essays that shed further light on some of the themes raised in those discussions, as well as edited transcripts from that conference.
Merit E. Janow is an internationally recognized expert in international trade and investment, with extensive experience in academia, government, international organizations and business. In addition, she has had a life-long involvement with Asia and is an expert in that region. For the past 18 years, Merit E. Janow has been a Professor of Practice at Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) and affiliated faculty at Columbia Law School. She teaches graduate courses in international trade/WTO law, comparative antitrust law, China in the global economy, international trade and investment policy, among others. She has held a number of leadership positions at the University. Currently, in addition to being Dean of SIPA, she is also Co-Director of the APEC Study Center and Chair of the Faculty Oversight Committee of Columbia's Global Center East Asia. Previously, she was Director of the Masters Program in International Affairs and Chair of Columbia University's Advisory Committee on Socially Responsible Investing. Her research interests focus on international trade and investment, Asia, competition law and economic globalization. She has written several books, numerous articles and frequently speaks before business, policy, and academic audiences around the world.
Victoria Donaldson is a Counselor at the WTO Appellate Body Secretariat, where she has worked since 1999. From 1996 to 1999, she practiced law with the Brussels office of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen and Hamilton.
Alan Yanovich is a Counselor at the WTO Appellate Body Secretariat, where he has worked since 2001. He was a legal adviser at the General Secretariat of the Andean Community from 1997 to 2001.
Jose Alvarez is a Hamilton Fish Professor of International Law & Diplomacy, Columbia University School of Law.
Kyle Bagwell is Kelvin J. Lancaster Professor of Theory in the Department of Economics and Professor of Finance and Economics in the School of Business at Columbia University.
Jagdish Bhagwati is the University Professor of Economics and Law at Columbia University and Senior Fellow in International Economics at the Council on Foreign Relations.
Paul Blustein is Journalist in Residence at the Brookings Institution and staff writer at The Washington Post.
Lee C. Bollinger is the President at Columbia University.
Andrew Charlton is a Research Economist at the Centre for Economist Performance at the London School of Economics.
Steve Charnovitz is an Associate Professor at George Washington University School of Law.
Judith Coleman is an Attorney in the Washington, DC of WilmerHale.
William Davey is Edwin M. Adams Professor of Law at the University of Illinois College of Law.
Albert Fishlow is Professor of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University, Director of the Center for Brazilian Studies and Director of the institute for Latin American Studies at Columbia.
Robin Hansen coordinates the International Law Program at the University of Ottawa's Faculty of Law.
Stuart Harbinson is a special Advisor, Office of the Director-General at the WTO.
Gary Horlick a Partner at WilmerHale.
Robert Howse is Alene and Allan F Smith Professor of Law at the University of Michigan Law School.
Valerie Hughes is Assistant Deputy Minister Counsel, Law Branch, Finance for the Government of Canada.
Seiichi Kondo is Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of Japan to UNESCO.
Pieter-Jan Kuijper is Director/Principal Legal Advisor for the European Commission.
Julio Lacarte MurÃ³ served at the WTO Appellate Body from 1995-2001.
Pascal Lamy is Director-General of WTO.
Christine Lagarde Minister of the Economy of France and former Managing Partner at Baker & McKenzie.
Patrick Low is Chief Economist (Director of Economic Research and Statistics) at the World Trade Organization.
Peter Mandelson is the EU Commisioner for Trade.
Mitsuo Matsushita of Japan served at the WTO Appellate Body from 1995-2000.
Petros Mavroidis is Edwin B. Parker Professor of Foreign & Comparative Law at Columbia Law School and Professor of Law at the University of Neuchatel.
Donald McRae is the Hyman Soloway Chair in Business and Trade Law and is a former Dean of the Common Law Section at the University of Ottawa.
Sharyn O’Halloran is the George Blumenthal Professor of Politics in the Department of Political Science and the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University.
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala is a distinguished fellow at the Brookings Institution. Dr. Okonjo-Iweala is former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
David Palmeter is Senoir Cousel at Sidley Austin LLP.
Arvind Panagariya the Jagdish Bhagwati Professor of Indian Political Economy and Professor of Economics at Columbia University.
Mari Elka Pangestu Minister of Trade in Indonesia.
Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann Professor of International and European Law at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, Italy, and Joint Chair at the EUI's Robert Shuman Centre for Advanced Studies.
Frieder Roessler is Executive Director of the Advisory Centre on WTO Law, based in Geneva, Switzerland.
Giorgio Sacerdoti has been a member of the WTO Appellate Body since 2001 and is a Professor of International Law and European Law at Bocconi University, Milian, Italy, since 1986.
Susan Schwab is the US Trade Representative.
Joseph Stiglitz is University Professor at Columbia University and Executive Director and Co-Founder of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue.
Andrew Stoler the Executive Director of the Institute for International Business, Economics and Law and Adjunct Professor of International Trade at the University of Adelaide.
Sun Zhenyu is Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the People's Republic of China to the WTO.
Peter Sutherland is Chairman of BP L.L.C. since 1997.
Yasuhei Taniguchi has been a member of the Appellate Body since 2000.
David Unterhalter has been a member of the Appellate Body since 2006.
Patricia Wald has led a legal career that has made her one of the pre-eminent figures in the legal profession in the United States as well as a champion of legal reform across the globe.
Bruce Wilson Director of Legal Affairs Division of the WTO Secretariat.
Alan Wolff is a member of Dewey Ballantine's Management Committee and Managing Partner of the Firm's Washington, DC office.
Clayton Yeutter is Senior Advisor for International Trade at Hogan & Hartson in Washington DC.
Werner Zdouc has been director of the WTO Appellate Body Secretariat since 2006.
Ernesto Zedillo is Director of the Yale Center for study of Globalization and a Professor in the field of International Economics and Politics at Yale University.
About the Panel Discussants:
Georges Abi-Saab has been a member of the Appellate Body since 2000.
Grant Aldonas is William M. Scholl Chair in International Business at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and formerly as the US Undersecretary for International Trade.
Thomas Aquilino, Jr. is the Senior Judge at the US Court of International Trade (USCIT).
Luiz O. Baptista has been a member of the WTO Appellate Body since 2001 and is Professor of International Trade Law at the University of Sao Paulo Law School.
George Bermann is Jean Monnet Professor of European Law and Gellhorn Professor of Law at Columbia Law School.
Jane Bradley is Adjunct Professor and Deputy Director of the Institute of International Economic Law at Georgetown University School of Law.
Florentino Feliciano served on the WTO Appellate Body from 1995-2000. He served as Senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines and Vice-Chairman of the Academic Council of the Institute of International Business Law and Practice of the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris.
Carla A. Hills is Chairman and Cheif Executive Officer of Hills & Company, International Consultants, Ambassador Hills previously served as US Trade Representative (1989-1993).
John H. Jackson joined the Georgetown Law Center faculty after a distinguished career at Hessel E. Yntema Professor of Law at the University of Michigan.
Hyun-Chong Kim is Minister of Trade for the Republic of South Korea.
Martti Koskenniemi is Professor of Law at the Academy of Finland and the University of Helsinki and Global Professor of Law at New York University.
Robert Lawrence is the Albert L. Williams Professor of Trade and Investment at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
Amina Chawahir Mohamed is the head of the Europe and Commonwealth Division at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kenya. She was previously the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Kenya to the WTO, the UN, and other international organizations in Geneva.
Mary Robinson is Professor in the Practice of Public Affairs at Columbia University, Executive Director of Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Iniative. She was the first woman President of Ireland (1990-1997) and more recently the UN High Commisioner for Human Rights (1997-2002).
Keith Rockwell is Director of Information and Media Relations Division and Spokesman for the W.T.O.
John Weekes Senior Policy Advisor at Sidley Austin LLP. From 1995 to 1999 he was Canada's Ambassador to the WTO, and in 1998 he served as Chair of the WTO General Counsil.
Martin Wolf is Associate Editor and Chief Economics Commentator at the Financial Times.
"This remarkable book builds on a major conference in the series of conferences on the WTO Appellate Body work. This particular conference was held at Columbia University in the spring of 2006. The book contains major articles by speakers at that conference and others, appraising or commenting on the AB work, as well as short works based on transcripts of some of the discussions. Included are comments by many of the AB members themselves, as well as other WTO officials and other persons (academic or others who participate in and observe the work of the AB). The richness and variety of the manuscripts in this 1100 page work will undoubtedly prove to be an essential treasure of resources for lawyers, scholars and officials who grapple with the large body of jurisprudence already generated by the WTO dispute settlement system. Columbia University, and the editors of this book including Merit Janow, then appellate body member and professor at Columbia, as well as Victoria Donaldson and Alan Yanovich of the AB secretariat deserve much praise for this treasure."
- John H. Jackson, University Professor of Law, Georgetown University Law Center
"Former Appellate Body Member Merit E. Janow and her co-editors have put together a truly impressive volume marking the tenth anniversary of the World Trade Organization. The book makes a major contribution to the literature that is notable for its comprehensive treatment of the subject matter, diversity and richness of views, and, most significantly, the reputations of its contributing authors. Another of the book's useful features is the inclusion in each sector of a panel discussion or roundtable in which the authors (and other experts) engage in a sometimes lively dialogue. These roundtables have facilitated interchanges among authors and commentators and have frequently provided different or additional perspectives."
- World Trade Review
"This compendium is a useful introduction and reference for anyone interested in world trade law." - Foreign Affairs