Handbook On the Rules Of Civil Procedure For West Virginia Magistrate Courts - Hardcover Version
Handbook On The Rules Of Civil Procedure For West Virginia Magistrate Courts - PDF Version
Rule 1. Application Of Rules - Preview Page
These rules apply to all civil cases in the magistrate courts of the State of West Virginia. These rules supplement, and in designated instances supersede, the statutory procedures set forth in Chapter 50 of the West Virginia Code. The purpose of the rules is to help resolve cases in a just, speedy, and inexpensive manner.
§ 1 Application of Rules
 General commentary
Rule 1 makes clear that the magistrate court rules of civil procedure are applicable to all civil cases in the magistrate courts of this state. The Rules are designed to supplement legislative procedural statutes.1 If a conflict exists between a specific Rule and a legislative procedural statute, the Rule controls. The reason for this is that under Article VIII, Section 3 of the state constitution, the Supreme Court has the power to promulgate rules for all of the courts of the state related to process, practice, and procedure, which have the force and effect of law.2 Pursuant to the constitutional authority granted to the Supreme Court by the Rule-Making Clause, a statute governing procedural matters in civil cases which conflicts with a rule promulgated by the Supreme Court is a legislative invasion of the court’s rulemaking powers.3 To the extent that statutes relating to civil pleading, practice and procedure are inconsistent with or repugnant to the Rules they have no force and effect in law.
About the Authors:
Justice Robin Jean Davis was engaged in the private practice of law in the state of West Virginia from 1982 until 1996. In 1996, she was elected as a Justice to the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals to fill an unexpired term. She was re-elected in November 2000. Justice Davis served as Chief Justice in 1998, 2002, 2006, 2007, and 2010. Justice Davis is the author of several West Virginia Law Review articles, including: "A Tribute to Franklin D. Cleckley: A Compendium of Essential Legal Principles from His Opinions as a Justice on the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals"; "A Tribute to Thomas E. McHugh: An Encyclopedia of Legal Principles from Opinions Written by Justice McHugh"; "An Analysis of the Development of Admitting Expert Testimony in Federal Courts and the Impact of That Development on West Virginia Jurisprudence"; and is the co-author with Louis J. Palmer, Jr. of "Workers' Compensation Litigation in West Virginia: Assessing the Impact of the Rule of Liberality and the Need for Fiscal Reform." In addition, Justice Davis is the co-author with Franklin D. Cleckley and Louis J. Palmer, Jr. of Litigation Handbook on West Virginia Rules of Civil Procedure (3d ed. 2008).
Louis J. Palmer, Jr. has been a staff attorney on the West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals since 1996. He has authored several books that include: Encyclopedia of Abortion in the United States (2d ed. 2008); Encyclopedia of Capital Punishment in the United States (2d ed. 2008); Racism in America: A Guide to Understanding Discrimination (2006); and Encyclopedia of DNA and the United States Criminal Justice System (2004). In addition, Mr. Palmer is the co-author with Franklin D. Cleckley and Robin Jean Davis of Litigation Handbook on West Virginia Rules of Civil Procedure (3d ed. 2008).