Attachment of Assets - Looseleaf
Attachment of Assets - Electronic
Attachment of Assets
Canada is a federal state consisting of ten provinces and three territories1 in which the federal and provincial governments share political and legal power. Under the Canadian constitution2 the federal and provincial governments are assigned respective spheres of jurisdiction. Federal law applies throughout Canada while the laws of a particular province apply only within that province. The constitution assigns “property and civil rights” to provincial jurisdiction and, as a result, the attachment of assets is a topic that must be addressed individually for each province. The scope of this chapter is restricted to the law applicable in the province of Ontario,3 which consists of both statute law and common law.4 In the province of Ontario “attachment” generally covers any legal process by which the property of a debtor is taken into possession or constructive possession by a creditor. For purposes of this chapter a distinction is made between pre-judgment and post-judgment forms of attachment.
1. What is the general nature and effect of judicial measures available for plaintiffs to obtain provisional relief affecting property of debtors to obtain security for judgments to be obtained (“attachments”)? Freezing property in place? Placing it in the custody of a third party, such as a court official, sheriff
Although the general rule is that there is to be no interference with a defendant's assets before judgment, there are several judicial measures available in Ontario to plaintiffs who need to obtain provisional relief affecting the property of debtors as security for judgments to be
Carlos M. de Vera - Barrister and Solicitor (Ontario, Canada); Solicitor (England and Wales). Baker & McKenzie, LLP.